Lung Cancer

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is a cancer that develops in the tissues of the lungs, usually in the cells that make up the airways.

There are two main types:

small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer

These two types grow differently and are treated differently. Small cell lung cancer is the most common type.

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Who is at risk for lung cancer?

Lung cancer can affect anyone,

But there are certain factors that increase the risk of developing it:

  • smoking
  • cigarette smoke
  • Family history of lung cancer
  • Exposure to asbestos, arsenic, chromium, beryllium, nickel, soot or bitumen in the workplace
  • Exposed to radiation, such as radiation to the breast or chest
  • Special imaging tests such as CT scans
  • HIV infection
  • air pollution

What are the symptoms of lung cancer?

Sometimes lung cancer causes no signs or symptoms. This may be done during a chest x-ray.

  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • A cough that does not go away or gets worse over time
  • Breathing problems
  • Rhonchus
  • Blood in sputum (mucus coughing from the lungs)
  • Hoarseness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss for no apparent reason
  • Fatigue
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Swelling of the face or neck veins
  • Detection of lung cancer
  • About family history
  • By performing imaging such as a chest x-ray or a CT scan of the chest
  • Perform tests such as blood and sputum tests
  • Lung biopsya
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What are the treatments for lung cancer?

Your treatment depends on the type of lung cancer, how widespread it is, your overall health, and other factors. You may have more than one type of treatment.

Treatments for small cell lung cancer include these:

Laser therapy, which uses a laser beam to kill cancer cells

Non-small cell lung cancer treatments include the following
  • surgery
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy
Targeted therapy, which uses drugs or other substances that attack specific cancer cells and do less damage to normal cells.
  • Immunotherapy
  • laser therapy

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