Gastric cancer

Gastric cancer

Gastric cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancerous) cells form in the gastric mucosa.

Age, diet and stomach ailments can all increase the risk of stomach cancer.

Anything that increases the risk of getting the disease is called a risk factor. Having a risk factor does not mean you have cancer. Lack of risk factors does not mean cancer.

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Having any of the following symptoms:

  • Stomach infection with Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori).
  • Chronic gastritis (gastritis).
  • High risk anemia.
  • Intestinal metaplasia (a condition in which the lining of the stomach is replaced by cells lining the intestines).
  • Gastric polyp.
  • Epstein-Barr virus.
  • Familial syndromes (including familial adenomatous polyposis).
  • Have a diet high in salty foods, smoked foods and low in fruits and vegetables.
  • Eat foods that are not properly prepared or stored.
  • Being older or male.
  • Smoking.
  • Having a mother, father, sister or brother with stomach cancer.

Stage of cancer whether it is only in the stomach or has spread to the      lymph nodes or other parts of the body.

When stomach cancer is found too early, it is more likely to improve.

After being diagnosed with stomach cancer, tests are done to see if the cancer cells have spread inside the stomach or to other parts of the body.

Gastric cancer ayhcare


The following tests and methods may be used in the staging steps:

Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is a procedure in which an endoscope is inserted into the body, usually through the mouth or rectumUsed.


CT scan (CAT scan): A method that takes a set of accurate images of areas inside the body such as the chest, abdomen or pelvis from different angles.

There are several treatments available for patients with gastric cancer:
  • surgery
  • Endoscopic removal of mucosa
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted treatment
  • Immunotherapy
  • Targeted treatment

Targeted therapy is a treatment that uses drugs or other substances to identify and attack specific cancer cells. Targeted therapies usually do less damage to normal cells than chemotherapy or radiation. Monoclonal antibodies and multinokase inhibitors are targeted therapies used to treat gastric cancer.


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